COVID‐19 Mortality in Europe, by Latitude and Obesity Status: A Geo‐Spatial Analysis in 40 Countries

Stefanos Tyrovolas, Thomas Tsiampalis, Marianthi Morena, Angela Y.M. Leung, Antigoni Faka, Christos Chalkias, Sotirios Tsiodras, Dimosthenes Panagiotakos

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)


On 30 January 2020, the World Health Organization (WHO) declared the current novel coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID‐19) as a public health emergency of international concern and later characterized it as a pandemic. New data show that excess body mass and vitamin D deficiency might be related to the disease severity and mortality. The aim of this study was to evaluate whether latitude, as a proxy of sunlight exposure and Vitamin D synthesis, and prevalent obesity among European populations, is related to COVID‐19 spread and severity. European COVID‐19 data (in-cidence and fatality), including information on the prevalence of obesity, social distancing, and oth-ers were obtained by the “Our World in Data” website on 17 April 2021. Adjusted analysis showed that higher COVID‐19 incidence and fatality were pictured in countries being in higher latitude, both during the whole period, as well as, during the time period 1 November 2020–31 March 2021. Higher incidence and fatality of COVID‐19 were observed where the prevalence of overweight/obe-sity was higher during the whole time period, whereas during the time period 1 November 2020– 31 March 2021, only COVID‐19 incidence was higher but not a fatality. The present results provide insights for targeted interventions and preventive strategies against COVID‐19.

Original languageEnglish
Article number471
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2022


  • COVID‐19
  • Fatality
  • Incidence
  • Obesity
  • Sunlight exposure
  • Vitamin D synthesis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Science
  • Nutrition and Dietetics


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