COVID-19 vaccination intention in the first year of the pandemic: A systematic review

Rasmieh Al-Amer, Della Maneze, Bronwyn Everett, Jed Montayre, Amy R. Villarosa, Entisar Dwekat, Yenna Salamonson

Research output: Journal article publicationReview articleAcademic researchpeer-review

161 Citations (Scopus)


Aims and objectives: To synthesise evidence regarding vaccination intention, identify factors contributing to vaccine hesitancy among healthcare professionals and the general populations globally. Background: As COVID-19 vaccine becomes available worldwide, attention is being directed to community vaccine uptake, to achieve population-wide immunity. A number of factors have been reported to influence vaccine intention. Methods: Following the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines, a systematic search of COVID-19 vaccination intention related literature published on or before 31 December 2020 from seven databases was undertaken. Results: Thirty articles were included in this systematic review. Overall COVID-19 vaccination intention during the first year of the pandemic ranged from 27.7% to 93.3%. Findings highlighted that socio-demographic differences, perceptions of risk and susceptibility to COVID-19 and vaccine attributes influenced vaccination intention. Healthcare professionals particularly, nurses have higher vaccine hesitancy reportedly due to concerns regarding vaccine safety and efficacy and mistrust of health authorities. Negative information about COVID-19 vaccines in the social media and low confidence in the health system were associated with lower acceptability among the community. Interestingly, cumulative increase in COVID-19 caseloads of countries over time was not associated with vaccination intention. Conclusions: The significant variability in vaccine intention rates worldwide would hamper efforts to achieve immunity against COVID-19. Nurses’ concerns about vaccine safety and efficacy need to be addressed to increase vaccine acceptance and maximise their influence on vaccination decision in the community. As misinformation through social media negatively impacts vaccination uptake, authoritative and reliable information on vaccine attributes, disease risks and vaccination benefits are needed. Relevance to clinical practice: Concerns about vaccine safety and efficacy including misinformation are important contributors to vaccine hesitancy. Addressing these factors, particularly among nurses who are considered trusted influencers of vaccination decisions in the community is an important strategy for pandemic preparedness.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)62-86
Number of pages25
JournalJournal of Clinical Nursing
Issue number1-2
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2022
Externally publishedYes


  • coronavirus
  • COVID-19
  • vaccination
  • vaccine acceptance
  • vaccine hesitancy
  • vaccine uptake

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Nursing


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