Coupling outer-body airflow and inner-body thermoregulation models to predict thermal comfort in non-uniform environments

Gao Naiping, Jianlei Niu, Zhang Hui

Research output: Chapter in book / Conference proceedingConference article published in proceeding or bookAcademic researchpeer-review


In this study, we developed a numerical thermal manikin (NTM) with inner-body thermoregulation functions to investigate the local and overall thermal comfort in non-uniform thermal environments. The effect of interaction between human body and his/her environment was modeled by transferring air condition data from computational fluid dynamics (CFD) simulation into a thermoregulation model, feeding back the body surface temperatures from the inner-body model as boundary conditions to CFD, and then iterating until convergence. Application of this approach in the evaluation of two kinds of personalized ventilation systems was demonstrated. Comparison with some of the experimental results showed that it was able to predict the thermal comfort level with reasonable accuracy.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationIBPSA 2009 - International Building Performance Simulation Association 2009
Number of pages8
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2009
Event11th International IBPSA Conference - Building Simulation 2009, BS 2009 - Glasgow, United Kingdom
Duration: 27 Jul 200730 Jul 2007


Conference11th International IBPSA Conference - Building Simulation 2009, BS 2009
Country/TerritoryUnited Kingdom

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Science Applications
  • Building and Construction
  • Architecture
  • Modelling and Simulation

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