CO2curing and fibre reinforcement for green recycling of contaminated wood into high-performance cement-bonded particleboards

Lei Wang, Season S. Chen, Daniel C.W. Tsang, Chi Sun Poon, Jianguo Dai

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

49 Citations (Scopus)


Graphical abstract: To alleviate disposal burden of contaminated wood at landfills, construction wood waste can be recycled into cement-bonded particleboards, however, their qualities are often compromised by organic extractives and preservative chemicals in wood. In contrast to traditional approaches using phenol formaldehyde resin or chloride accelerator, this study proposed the use of eco-friendly CO2curing and fibre reinforcement to accelerate carbonation and enhance physical properties of the particleboards. Cement chemistry and microstructure characteristics were evaluated by using quantitative X-ray diffraction, mercury intrusion porosimetry, and scanning electron microscopy analyses. The 24-h CO2curing significantly facilitated cement hydration (i.e., more than 63wt% amorphous cement hydrate) and accelerated Ca(OH)2transformation into CaCO3, which contributed to strength development and carbon sequestration (as high as 9.2wt%) in the particleboards. Consequently, the total pore area was reduced from 12.2 to 10.3m2g−1 and porosity from 34.8 to 29.7%. A subsequent 7-d air curing allowed cement rehydration and densified micropore structure, especially for capillary pores. As a result, mechanical strength, dimensional stability, and contaminants sequestration were enhanced to fulfil the requirement of International Standards. The results also illustrated the vital role of moisture content of particleboards in cement hydration and accelerated carbonation, for which the moisture content ranging from 16.7% to 17.9% was considered optimal. The addition of grid basalt fibre (0.5% by wood volume) enhanced the fracture energy of the particleboards by 6.5 times. This study presents a low-carbon and environmentally-friendly technology to upcycle construction wood waste into value-added materials in a sustainable way.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)107-116
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of CO2 Utilization
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2017


  • Accelerated carbonation
  • Basalt fibre
  • CO sequestration 2
  • Microstructure
  • Waste recycling
  • Wood particleboard

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemical Engineering (miscellaneous)
  • Waste Management and Disposal
  • Process Chemistry and Technology


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