Correlation of extreme waves and water levels using a third-generation wave model and a 3D flow model

Chi Wai Li, Y. Song

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)


A procedure to correlate extreme wave heights and extreme water levels in coastal waters using numerical models together with joint probability analysis has been proposed. A third-generation wave model for wave simulation and a three-dimensional flow model for water level simulation are coupled through the surface atmospheric boundary layer. The model has been calibrated and validated against wind, wave and water level data collected in the coastal waters of Hong Kong. The annual maximum wave height and the concomitant water level have been obtained by simulating the annual extreme typhoon event for 50 consecutive years. The results from bivariate extreme value analysis of the simulated data show that the commonly used empirical method may lead to underestimation of the design water level.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)635-653
Number of pages19
JournalOcean Engineering
Issue number5-6
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2006


  • Joint probability analysis
  • Numerical simulation
  • Storm surge
  • Wind waves

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ocean Engineering
  • Environmental Engineering

Cite this