Correlation between transit-oriented development (TOD), land use catchment areas, and local environmental transformation

Xin Tong, Yaowu Wang, Edwin H.W. Chan, Qingfeng Zhou

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

11 Citations (Scopus)


Transit-oriented development (TOD) has been recognised as a sustainable planning approach and that is typically designed for a whole city. Individual land use characteristics and the causations have often been ignored. Therefore, the primary objective of this study was to explore the factors that influence the land use catchment area (LCA) characteristics at a station neighborhood level. First, it contributes a methodology to measure the LCA by introducing a new concept. The density gradient was introduced to generate the scale and compactness degree of each station. Second, it provides a theoretical framework for understanding the causes of different LCAs. The partial least squares (PLS) regression model was employed to explore the accessibility effects. By analysing density gradient curves, it reveals that stations grew to fit the negative exponential function. Regarding the scale and form degree of LCAs, the impact of accessibility before and after a station construction have been corroborated. Moreover, the effects of facilities function before construction, distance from main roads, and elevated stations have been emphasized. The results provide support for a more sophisticated concept of catchment area relating to land use at the level of an individual TOD station, while shedding light on the benefits of those engaged in the future design of TOD with due consideration of the local physical environments.

Original languageEnglish
Article number4622
JournalSustainability (Switzerland)
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - 5 Dec 2018


  • Density gradient
  • Land use catchment area (LCA)
  • Local environments
  • Transit-oriented development (TOD)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geography, Planning and Development
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law


Dive into the research topics of 'Correlation between transit-oriented development (TOD), land use catchment areas, and local environmental transformation'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this