Correcting ionospheric effects and monitoring two-dimensional displacement fields with multiple-aperture InSAR technology with application to the Yushu earthquake

Jun Hu, Zhi Wei Li, Lei Zhang, Xiaoli Ding, Jian Jun Zhu, Qian Sun, Wei Ding

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

24 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Differential synthetic aperture radar interferometry (D-InSAR) can only measure one-dimensional surface displacements along the line-of-sight (LOS) direction which greatly inhibits its development and application. In this paper, we introduce a novel approach to measuring two-dimensional (2-D) surface displacements by exploiting a single InSAR pair, which is called multi-aperture InSAR (MAI) technology. We study the effects of baseline errors and the ionosphere on MAI technology and develop a directional filter and interpolator to minimize the ionospheric effects. A PALSAR image pair covering the 2010 Yushu earthquake is used to estimate the 2-D displacement fields of the earthquake using the MAI approach. The experimental results show that MAI is superior to conventional Offset-Tracking and therefore has great potential in co-seismic displacement measurement and source parameter inversion.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1961-1971
Number of pages11
JournalScience China Earth Sciences
Volume55
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2012

Keywords

  • D-InSAR
  • ionospheric effects
  • L-band
  • MAI
  • two-dimensional displacements
  • Yushu earthquake

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Earth and Planetary Sciences(all)

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