Corneal thickness changes in myopic children during and after short-term orthokeratology lens wear

Kin Wan, Hing Tuen Yau, Sin Wan Cheung, Pauline Cho

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Purpose: To evaluate thickness changes in the central and mid-peripheral cornea (CCT and mPCT), corneal epithelium (CET and mPET) and stroma (CST and mPST) of myopic children during and after short-term orthokeratology (ortho-k) lens wear, with conventional (CCF, 0.75 D) and increased compression factors (ICF, 1.75 D). Methods: This was a self-controlled case series study. Subjects wore a CCF lens in one eye and an ICF lens in the other. Anterior segment optical coherence tomography images were captured weekly for 1 month during lens wear and for 2 weeks after discontinuing lens wear. CCT and CET (central 3-mm cornea) and mPCT and mPET (within a 4–6 mm diameter annulus) were measured. Stromal thickness (ST) was determined by subtracting epithelium thickness (ET) from corneal thickness (CT). The repeatability of the analytical software was also investigated on age-matched spectacle-wearing subjects (n = 98). Results: Excluding three outliers (>3 S.D.s), the coefficient of repeatability and intraclass correlation coefficients of 98 spectacle-wearing subjects ranged from 2.63 to 4.64 μm and from 0.90 to 0.99, respectively. For the weekly-change study, CCT and CET in both eyes were significantly thinner after lens wear (p < 0.001) and CET thinning in the ICF eyes were significantly higher (p < 0.02). CCT changes were mainly contributed by CET. CST, mPCT, mPET and mPST changes were not significant (p > 0.20) in either eye. CT (all sublayers) rebounded to baseline values 2 weeks after discontinuing lens wear (0.99 > p > 0.12). Conclusions: Significant reductions in CT and ET, but not ST, were observed within 1 month of ortho-k lens wear. Wearing ICF lenses resulted in a higher reduction in CET. Corneal thickness changes were reversible after discontinuing lens wear.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)757-767
Number of pages11
JournalOphthalmic and Physiological Optics
Volume41
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 20 Apr 2021

Keywords

  • children
  • cornea
  • corneal thickness
  • myopia control
  • orthokeratology

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology
  • Optometry
  • Sensory Systems

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