Cordon toll pricing in a multi-modal linear monocentric city with stochastic auto travel time

Ya Juan Chen, Zhi Chun Li, Hing Keung William Lam

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

11 Citations (Scopus)


This paper proposes an analytical model to determine the optimal cordon toll pricing scheme in a linear monocentric city with a competitive railway/highway system. It is assumed that the daily commuting time by rail mode is deterministic, while that by auto is stochastic and location dependent across the city. The travel time uncertainty could affect residents’ residential location choices and thus the urban spatial structure due to a long-term adjustment. In order to hedge against travel time variability on highway, commuters by auto often consider a travel time budget longer than the expected trip time to avoid late arrivals. It shows that ignorance of auto travel time variation may cause a significant bias in the prediction of the urban spatial structure in terms of residential distribution and city size. The implementation of cordon toll pricing scheme can rationalize the urban residential distribution and increase the social welfare of the urban system.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)22-49
Number of pages28
JournalTransportmetrica A: Transport Science
Issue number1-2
Publication statusPublished - 2 Jan 2018


  • cordon toll pricing scheme
  • households’ residential location choices
  • mode choice
  • travel time budget
  • Travel time uncertainty

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Transportation
  • General Engineering


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