Coordinated control strategies of PMSG-based wind turbine for smoothing power fluctuations

Xue Lyu, Jian Zhao, Youwei Jia, Zhao Xu, Kit Po Wong

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

57 Citations (Scopus)


High penetration of wind energy in the modern power system exposes the need of smoothing the fluctuating output power in an effective and conducive way. In this context, this paper proposes two novel control strategies that utilize the self-capability of permanent magnet synchronous generator-based wind turbine to realize power smoothing. The first strategy pursues to offer power smoothing support via simultaneous utilization of dc-link voltage control, rotor speed control, and pitch angle control. The second control strategy seeks to coordinate the three concerned individual control schemes in a hierarchical manner, where the power smoothing tasks are allocated to individual control modules or their combinations dynamically in line with WT's operation status. Both two strategies are able to provide power smoothing support by fully exploiting wind turbine's self-capability, whereas the second strategy has the merits on 1) reducing the activation frequency of pitch angle control, and 2) enhancing wind energy harvesting. Case studies of the proposed control strategies are carried out to compare and verify their effectiveness in achieving power smoothing.

Original languageEnglish
Article number8447299
Pages (from-to)391-401
Number of pages11
JournalIEEE Transactions on Power Systems
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2019


  • Hierarchical control
  • Permanent magnet synchronous generator(PMSG)
  • Power smoothing
  • Simultaneous control

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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