Coordinated Control of Wind Farms and MTDC Grids for System Frequency Support

Yujun Li, Zhao Xu

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

13 Citations (Scopus)


This paper proposes a coordinated control strategy to provide system frequency support for separated main grids from offshore wind farms (WFs) that are integrated through multi-terminal DC (MTDC) system. The control strategy consists of two control loops including the MTDC frequency regulation loop (FRL) and the automatic WF power regulation loop (AWFPRL). In events of AC main grid disturbances, the former can re-dispatch MTDC grid power flow to support system frequency, while the latter can adjust wind power output accordingly through the variable frequency control of WF-connected converters. Inertia energy stored in wind turbines can be utilized to stabilize system frequency via MTDC grids. Moreover, wind power fluctuations can also be smoothed by the proposed control. An expression of frequency response coefficient is calculated, which is used to quantify the contribution of frequency support from offshore WF-connected MTDC system. Case studies have been conducted to demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed control strategy using a four-terminal DC grid.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)451-464
Number of pages14
JournalElectric Power Components and Systems
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 25 Feb 2017


  • automatic wind farm power regulation
  • DC droop control
  • frequency regulation loop
  • multi-terminal DC (MTDC)
  • wind power fluctuations

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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