Coordinated control of DFIG converters to comply with reactive current requirements in emerging grid codes

Yuanzhu Chang, Ilhan Kocar, Jiabing Hu, Ulas Karaagac, Ka Wing Chan, Jean Mahseredjian

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review


The doubly fed induction generator (DFIG) is considered to provide a low reactance path in the negative sequence system and naturally comply with requirements on the negative-sequence reactive current in emerging grid codes. This paper shows otherwise and how the control strategy of converters plays a key role in the formation of the active and reactive current components. After investigating the existing control strategies from the perspective of grid code compliance and showing how they fail in addressing emerging requirements on the negative-sequence reactive current, we propose a new coordinated control strategy that complies with grid code requirements on the reactive current in the positive and negative sequence systems. The proposed method fully takes advantage of the current and voltage capacities of both the rotor side and grid side converters (RSC and GSC), which enables the grid code compliance of the DFIG under unbalanced three-phase voltages due to asymmetrical faults. The mathematical investigations and proposed strategy are validated with detailed simulation models using the EPRI benchmark system. The derived mathematical expressions provide analytical clarifications on the response of the DFIG in the negative sequence system from the grid perspective.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-12
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Modern Power Systems and Clean Energy
Issue number99
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2021


  • Doubly fed induction generator (DFIG)
  • Negative sequence
  • PLL
  • Reactive current
  • Short circuit
  • Space vector
  • Unbalanced fault
  • Wind turbine generator

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology

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