Convergence of subjective outcome and objective outcome evaluation findings: Insights based on the Project P.A.T.H.S.

Tan Lei Shek, Yan Lee Tak, Man Hong Andrew Siu, Keung Ma Hing

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

20 Citations (Scopus)


A total of 546 students participated in the Tier 1 Program of the P.A.T.H.S. Project responded to the Chinese Positive Youth Development Scale (CPYDS) at pretest and posttest and the Subjective Outcome Scale (SOS) at posttest. Result showed that the SOS was internally consistent. The SOS total scores were significantly related to measures of global satisfaction and the participants' degree of sharing with others, thus giving support to its construct validity. Factor analysis revealed that there were three dimensions of the scale and the related subscales were significantly correlated among themselves. Based on the significant relationships between the SOS measures of perceived program effectiveness and posttest CPYDS scores as well as changes in CPYDS scores, the present study revealed the convergence of subjective outcome evaluation findings and objective outcome evaluation findings in the P.A.T.H.S. Project.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)258-267
Number of pages10
Publication statusPublished - 19 Feb 2007


  • Adolescents
  • Chinese
  • Client satisfaction approach
  • Objective outcome evaluation
  • Subjective outcome evaluation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Environmental Science(all)
  • Medicine(all)

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