Control of crystallographic structure of aluminum nitride films prepared by magnetron sputtering

T. T. Leung, Chung Wo Ong

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)


Aluminum nitride (AlN) films were prepared by using reactive magnetron (RMS). The substrate temperature (Ts) was varied from room temperature to 700°C, and RF power (Pw) from 100 to 250 W, and three different substrate materials (e.g. Si(100), Pt(111)/Si(100) and Al2O3(00·1)) were used. The mean free path of the species in the vacuum was controlled to be much shorter than the target-to-substrate distance, so that Tsand Pwhave the equivalent effect in affecting the effective thermal energy of the species after landing on the substrate. With these conditions, the film structure was found to cover a broad range, varying from nearly amorphous (na-), polycrystalline (p-), (00·1) texture (t-) and epitaxial (e-) structure. The structural change is supposed to be governed the successive increase in the thermal energy of the species on the substrate. The use of substrate material having lattice matching with the AlN structure further assists the (00·1) preferential growth when the species are mobile enough at the settings of high Tsand Pw.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1201-1211
Number of pages11
JournalIntegrated Ferroelectrics
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2003


  • AlN films
  • Magnetron sputtering
  • Nearly amorphous
  • Preferential orientation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Control and Systems Engineering
  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Materials Chemistry
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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