Contribution of pyrolytic gas medium to the fabrication of co-impregnated biochar

Dong Wan Cho, Sohyun Kim, Daniel C.W. Tsang, Nanthi S. Bolan, Taejin Kim, Eilhann E. Kwon, Yong Sik Ok, Hocheol Song

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

16 Citations (Scopus)


Co-impregnated biochars were fabricated by pyrolysis of spent coffee grounds (SCG) or glucose as carbon (C) sources under N2and CO2. The formed biochar samples were characterized with FE-SEM, TEM/EDS, XRD, TGA, Raman, XPS, and BET, and further used as catalytic medium for the reduction of p-nitrophenol in the presence of NaBH4. The physicochemical characteristics of biochar significantly changed with the types of C precursor and flow gas stream. The biochar from pyrolysis of SCG under N2gas stream showed good dispersion of Co nanoparticles (10-20nm) in carbon matrix as compared to that produced under CO2stream, but BET surface area was very small (4.5 m2g-1) due to pore blockage by thermal degradation products. SCG-derived biochar formed in the presence of CO2possessed highly porous structure due to CO2-assisted C volatilization. In contrast, for glucose-derived biochar, significant reduction in porosity of biochar occurred with excess devolatilization of C under CO2conditions, while the pyrolysis under N2flow produced porous biochar. These contrasting results demonstrated the significance of structure crystallinity and thermal degradability of C precursors. The catalytic performance of biochar was better correlated with the external surface area rather than microporosity.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)476-486
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of CO2 Utilization
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jul 2018


  • Biochar
  • Biomass
  • Carbon dioxide
  • Cobalt
  • Nitrophenol reduction

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemical Engineering (miscellaneous)
  • Waste Management and Disposal
  • Process Chemistry and Technology


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