Continuous observations of water-soluble ions in PM2.5at Mount Tai (1534 ma.s.l.) in central-eastern China

Yang Zhou, Tao Wang, Xiaomei Gao, Likun Xue, Xinfeng Wang, Zhe Wang, Jian Gao, Qingzhu Zhang, Wenxing Wang

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

76 Citations (Scopus)


Near real-time measurements of PM2.5ionic compositions were performed at the summit of the highest mountain in the central-eastern plains in the spring and summer of 2007 in order to characterize aerosol composition and its interaction with clouds. The average concentrations of total water soluble ions were 27.5 and 36.7 μgm-3, accounting for 44% and 62% of the PM2.5mass concentration in the spring and summer, respectively. A diurnal pattern of SO2-4, NH+4and NO-3was observed in both campaigns and attributed to the upslope/downslope transport of air mass and the development of the planetary boundary layer (PBL). The average SO2oxidation ratio (SOR) in summer was 57% (±27%), more than twice that in spring 24% (±16%); the fine nitrate oxidation ratio (NOR) was comparable in the two seasons (9±6% and 11±10% in summer and spring, respectively). This result indicates strong summertime production of sulfate aerosol. A principal component analysis shows that short-range and long-range transport of pollution, cloud processing, and crustal source were the main factors affecting the variability of the measured ions (and other trace gases and aerosols) at Mt. Tai. Strong indications of biomass burning were observed in summer. Cloud scavenging rates showed larger variations for different ions and in different cloud events. The elevated concentrations of the water soluble ions at Mt. Tai indicate serious aerosol pollution over the North China plain of eastern China. 2010.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)107-127
Number of pages21
JournalJournal of Atmospheric Chemistry
Issue number2-3
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2009


  • Biomass burning
  • Cloud scavenging
  • Fine aerosol
  • Mt.Tai
  • North China Plain
  • Real-time measurements

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Atmospheric Science


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