Constant Envelope Precoding With Adaptive Receiver Constellation in MISO Fading Channel

Shuowen Zhang, Rui Zhang, Teng Joon Lim

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)


Constant envelope (CE) precoding is an appealing transmission technique, which enables the realization of high power amplifier efficiency. For CE precoding in a single-user multiple-input single-output (MISO) channel, a desired constellation is feasible at the receiver if and only if it can be scaled to lie in an annulus, whose boundaries are characterized by the instantaneous channel realization. Therefore, if a fixed receiver constellation is used for CE precoding in a fading channel, where the annulus is time-varying, there is in general a non-zero probability of encountering a channel that makes CE precoding infeasible, thereby causing a high probability of error. To tackle this problem, this paper studies the adaptive receiver constellation design for CE precoding in a single-user MISO flat-fading channel with an arbitrary number of antennas at the transmitter. We first investigate the fixed-rate adaptive receiver constellation design to minimize the symbol error rate (SER). Specifically, an efficient algorithm is proposed to find the optimal amplitude-and-phase shift keying (APSK) constellation with two rings that is both feasible and of the maximum minimum Euclidean distance, for any given constellation size and instantaneous channel realization. Numerical results show that by using the optimized fixed-rate adaptive receiver constellation, our proposed scheme achieves significantly improved SER performance over CE precoding with a fixed receiver constellation. Furthermore, based on the family of optimal fixed-rate adaptive two-ring APSK constellation sets, a variable-rate CE transmission scheme is proposed and numerically examined.

Original languageEnglish
Article number7516597
Pages (from-to)6871-6882
Number of pages12
JournalIEEE Transactions on Wireless Communications
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2016
Externally publishedYes


  • adaptive receiver constellation
  • amplitude-and-phase shift keying (APSK)
  • Constant envelope (CE) precoding
  • minimum Euclidean distance (MED)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Science Applications
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Applied Mathematics


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