Consolidation modelling of soils under the test embankment at Chek Lap Kok International Airport in Hong Kong using a simplified finite element method

G. Zhu, Jianhua Yin, J. Graham

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

26 Citations (Scopus)


This paper models consolidation of the foundation soils under a test embankment at the new Chek Lap Kok International Airport in Hong Kong. The modelling used a simplified finite element method and material parameters derived from results in the original site investigation report. Various features that need to be considered in applying the simplified method are illustrated through this case study. Good predictions of settlement results are obtained. Relatively large discrepancies in pore-water pressure predictions suggest that the nonlinear nature of hydraulic conductivity needs to be taken into account when large compressions are likely to occur. Geological conditions are shown to be a key factor in successful modelling of consolidation behaviour.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)349-363
Number of pages15
JournalCanadian Geotechnical Journal
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2001
Externally publishedYes


  • Case modelling
  • Consolidation
  • Finite element method
  • Pore-water pressure
  • Settlement
  • Vertical drains

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering

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