Confirmatory factor analysis using AMOS: A demonstration

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76 Citations (Scopus)


The purpose of this paper is to demonstrate the process of using AMOS to test first- and higher-order confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) models. We performed the analyses with the AMOS 17.0 statistic package, a very user-friendly program for structural equation modeling. In this paper, we describe the concepts, theories, and basic steps of conducting CFA as well as provide a general introduction to the software AMOS. The process of conducting two different types of CFA within the framework of AMOS program (first-order CFA and higher-order or hierarchical CFA) are illustrated based on the data collected from 604 secondary school teachers involved in the Project P.A.T.H.S. in Hong Kong. The factor structure of a subjective outcome evaluation form developed to assess program implementers' subjective evaluation about the project was examined.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)191-204
Number of pages14
JournalInternational Journal on Disability and Human Development
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1 May 2014


  • AMOS
  • confirmatory factor analysis
  • first-order factor model
  • hierarchical model
  • research methods

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Rehabilitation
  • Sensory Systems
  • Geriatrics and Gerontology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Advanced and Specialised Nursing
  • Speech and Hearing


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