Confirmatory factor analysis and reliability of the Chinese version of a revised teacher efficacy scale among guidance teachers in Hong Kong

Mantak Yuen, Tan Lei Shek, Man Ping Lam, Patrick S.Y. Lau, Raymond M.C. Chan

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


Emmer and Hickman (1991) revised the Teacher Efficacy Scale (Gibson & Dembo, 1984) by adding in a Teacher Efficacy in Classroom Management and Discipline Sub-Scale and examined its factor structure. They recommended a three-factor model with Classroom Management and Discipline as a distinct factor from the other aspects of Teacher Efficacy. In the present study, the factor structure of responses to the Chinese version of a Revised Teacher Efficacy Scale (TES-R; Emmer & Hickman, 1991) in a sample of 250 secondary school guidance teachers in Hong Kong was examined using the EQS approach to confirmatory factor analysis. The results showed that a three-factor model (Personal Teaching, Classroom Management & Discipline, and External Influences) provided the best fit, though with the first two sub-scales highly correlated (r=.75). In addition, the deletion of three items yielded a better fitting model that was cross-validated by analyzing the responses of two separate sub-samples (guidance teachers with nine years' or less teaching experience, and those with ten years' or more teaching experience). Potential uses of the C-TES-R are discussed.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)67-78
Number of pages12
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2003
Externally publishedYes


  • Classroom management
  • Discipline
  • Guidance teachers
  • Hong Kong Chinese
  • Teacher efficacy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychology(all)

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