Conductive knitted fabric as large-strain gauge under high temperature

Hui Zhang, Xiaoming Tao, Tongxi Yu, Shanyuan Wang

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

112 Citations (Scopus)


An intrinsically conductive knitted fabric-based electrical resistive strain gauge is developed to measure in-plane or out-of-planar large strain under high temperature. Electro-mechanical properties, which governor the sensitivity of the gauge, are analyzed theoretically by a model of weft plain fabric. The contacting electrical resistance (Rc), resulted from two overlapped yarns, is attributed to be the key factor contributing to the resistance-strain response while the fabric structure determines the sensitivity of the gauge. Two structures are fabricated making use of the properties of contacting resistance to find the key factors governing the sensitivity, repeatability and accuracy of the sensors. The effects of strain-rate and temperature on the sensitivity of the gauge are analyzed experimentally. From the experimental results, fabric gauges made from carbon fibers display a higher sensitivity, repeatability and accuracy than those made by stainless steel due to its small internal friction and intrinsic physics properties. Meanwhile, tubular structure has high maximum strain level than single warp structure but exhibits lower sensitivity than the latter. Temperature exhibits greater effect on the sensitivity than the strain-rate.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)129-140
Number of pages12
JournalSensors and Actuators, A: Physical
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 26 Jan 2006


  • Fabric sensor
  • High temperature
  • Large strain
  • Modelling
  • Sensitivity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Instrumentation
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Metals and Alloys
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


Dive into the research topics of 'Conductive knitted fabric as large-strain gauge under high temperature'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this