Concrete-filled double-skin aluminum circular hollow section stub columns

F. Zhou, Ben Young

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

22 Citations (Scopus)


© 2018 Elsevier LtdThis paper presents experimental and numerical investigations and design of concrete-filled double-skin aluminum stub columns with circular hollow sections (CHS) as both outer and inner skins. A series of tests was carried out to investigate the effects of the geometric dimension of the aluminum CHS and concrete strength on the behaviour and strength of the composite columns. The CHS tubes were fabricated by extrusion using 6061-T6 heat-treated aluminum alloy having nominal 0.2% proof stress of 240 MPa. The structural performance of the composite columns was investigated using different nominal concrete cylinder strengths of 40, 70 and 100 MPa. A non-linear finite element model is developed and verified against the experimental results. The test results and the composite column strengths predicted from the finite element analysis (FEA) were compared with the design strengths to evaluate the reliability of the design rules in the current American specifications for aluminum and concrete structures. Furthermore, design equations were proposed to consider the benefits of the composite columns due to the composite action between the aluminum tubes and concrete. The proposed design equations accurately predicted the ultimate strengths of the concrete-filled double-skin aluminum CHS stub columns.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)141-152
Number of pages12
JournalThin-Walled Structures
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2018
Externally publishedYes


  • Aluminum tubes
  • Circular hollow sections
  • Composite columns
  • Concrete
  • Double-skin
  • Experimental investigation
  • Finite element analysis
  • Tubular structures

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Building and Construction
  • Mechanical Engineering


Dive into the research topics of 'Concrete-filled double-skin aluminum circular hollow section stub columns'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this