Conceptions of success: Their correlates with prosocial orientation and behaviour in chinese adolescents

Ping Chung Cheung, Hing Keung Ma, Daniel T.L. Shek

Research output: Chapter in book / Conference proceedingChapter in an edited book (as author)Academic researchpeer-review

Abstract

Data from a sample of 673 Chinese adolescents lent support to the hypothesis that conceptions of success or achievement goals affect both the inclination to and the actual performance of prosocial acts. With regard to attitude, it was found that: (a) task orientation (belief that success is gaining skill or understanding) and collaboration orientation (belief that success is working productively with one or more collaborators) increased with the inclination to help others, to co-operate and share things with others, to maintain an affective relationship with others, and to behave in compliance with social norms; and (b) ego orientation (belief that success is establishing one’s competence as superior) was not generally associated with the inclination to perform prosocial acts. With regard to action, it was found that task orientation and collaboration orientation, but not ego orientation, increased with the number of normative and altruistic acts in the past year. The similarity between the belief-attitude correlation and the belief-action correlation indicates the robustness of the influence of conceptions of success. Also, sex differences and grade differences in the relationship between conceptions of success and prosocial and antisocial behaviours were found. Implications of the findings are discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationChildren's Services in the Developing World
PublisherTaylor and Francis - Balkema
Pages105-116
Number of pages12
ISBN (Electronic)9781351952224
ISBN (Print)9780754627791
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2017

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Sciences(all)

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