Concentrations and sources of non-methane hydrocarbons (NMHCs) from 2005 to 2013 in Hong Kong: A multi-year real-time data analysis

Jiamin Ou, Hai Guo, Junyu Zheng, Kalam Cheung, Peter K.K. Louie, Zhenhao Ling, Dawei Wang

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

76 Citations (Scopus)


To understand the long-term variations of nonmethane hydrocarbons (NMHCs) and their emission sources, real-time speciated NMHCs have been monitored in Hong Kong since 2005. Data analysis showed that the concentrations of C3-C5and C6-C7alkanes slightly increased from 2005 to 2013at a rate of 0.0015 and 0.0005μgm-3yr-1(p<0.05), respectively, while aromatics decreased at a rate of 0.006μgm-3yr-1(p<0.05). Positive Matrix Factorization (PMF) model was applied to identify and quantify the NMHC sources. Vehicular exhaust, gasoline evaporation and liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) usage, consumer product and printing, architectural paints, and biogenic emissions were identified and on average accounted for 20.2±6.2%, 25.4±6.3%, 32.6±5.8%, 21.5±4.5%, and 3.3±1.5% of the ambient NMHC concentrations, respectively. From 2005 to 2013, the contributions of both traffic-related sources and solvent-related sources showed no significant changes, different from the trends in emission inventory. On O3episode days dominated by local air masses, the increase ratio of NMHC species from non-episode to episode days was found to be a natural function of the reactivity of NMHC species, suggesting that photochemical reaction would significantly change the NMHCs composition between emission sources and the receptors. Effect of photochemical reaction loss on receptor-oriented source apportionment analysis needs to be quantified in order to identify the NMHCs emission sources on O3episode days.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)196-206
Number of pages11
JournalAtmospheric Environment
Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2015


  • Multi-year trends
  • NMHCs
  • Photochemical reaction loss
  • PMF
  • Source apportionment

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Science(all)
  • Atmospheric Science


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