Computational realization of multiple flame stabilization modes in DLR strut-injection hydrogen supersonic combustor

Kun Wu, Peng Zhang, Wei Yao, Xuejun Fan

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

21 Citations (Scopus)


Inspired by the existence of multiple flame stabilization modes in cavity-assisted supersonic combustor, multiple flame stabilization modes of DLR hydrogen-fueled strut injection supersonic combustor were numerically realized and analyzed for a wide ranges of inflow stagnation temperature from 607 to 2141 K and overall equivalence ratio from 0.022 to 0.110. Finite-rate chemistry large eddy simulation with detailed hydrogen mechanism was employed to capture unsteady flow characteristics and the effects of chemical kinetics. Two typical flame stabilization modes were identified and presented in a regime nomogram, which shows the dominant influence of the stagnation temperature and the secondary influence of overall equivalence ratio. At relatively low stagnation temperatures, the flame is stabilized in an "attached flame" mode, which requires a low-speed recirculation zone behind the strut for radical production and a high-speed intense combustion zone for heat release. At relatively high stagnation temperatures, the flame is stabilized in a "lifted flame" mode, in which the effect of the low-speed recirculation zone is negligible, rendering most reactions take place in supersonic flow. At intermediate stagnation temperatures, blow-out was always observed and flame cannot be stabilized in the combustor even with initially forced ignition.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3685-3692
Number of pages8
JournalProceedings of the Combustion Institute
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2019


  • DLR Strut injection scheme
  • Flame stabilization mode
  • Overall equivalence ratio
  • Stagnation Temperature
  • Supersonic combustion

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry

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