Computational design of promising 2D electrode materials for Li-ion and Li–S battery applications

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5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Lithium-ion batteries (LIBs) and lithium-sulfur (Li–S) batteries are two types of energy storage systems with significance in both scientific research and commercialization. Nevertheless, the rational design of electrode materials for overcoming the bottlenecks of LIBs and Li–S batteries (such as low diffusion rates in LIBs and low sulfur utilization in Li–S batteries) remain the greatest challenge, while two-dimensional (2D) electrodes materials provide a solution because of their unique structural and electrochemical properties. In this article, from the perspective of ab-initio simulations, we review the design of 2D electrode materials for LIBs and Li–S batteries. We first propose the theoretical design principles for 2D electrodes, including stability, electronic properties, capacity, and ion diffusion descriptors. Next, classified examples of promising 2D electrodes designed by theoretical simulations are given, covering graphene, phosphorene, MXene, transition metal sulfides, and so on. Finally, common challenges and a future perspective are provided. This review paves the way for rational design of 2D electrode materials for LIBs and Li–S battery applications and may provide a guide for future experiments.

Original languageEnglish
Article number100213
JournalMaterials Reports: Energy
Volume3
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2023

Keywords

  • 2D electrode materials
  • Computational design
  • Lithium-ion batteries
  • Lithium-sulfur batteries

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science (miscellaneous)
  • Energy (miscellaneous)
  • Materials Chemistry
  • Electrochemistry

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