Extensive research has been conducted on the uniaxial tensile and compressive behavior of engineered cementitious composites. Despite the high tensile ductility and high toughness of engineered cementitious composites, transverse steel reinforcement is still necessary for high-performance structural members made of engineered cementitious composites. However, very limited research has been concerned with the compressive behavior of steel-confined engineered cementitious composites. This article presents the results of axial compression tests on a series of circular engineered cementitious composite columns confined with steel spirals. The test variables included the engineered cementitious composite compressive strength, the spiral pitch, and the spiral yield stress. The test results show that steel-confined engineered cementitious composites in the test columns exhibited a very ductile behavior; the steel spiral confinement contributed effectively to the enhancement of both strength and ductility of engineered cementitious composites. The test results were then interpreted by comparing them with the predictions from some existing models. It was found that the existing models previously developed for confined concrete failed to predict the compressive strength of steel-confined engineered cementitious composites with sufficient accuracy. New fitting equations for the compressive properties of steel-confined engineered cementitious composites were then obtained on the basis of the test results of this study as well as those from an existing study.
- compressive strength
- engineered cementitious composites
- steel spiral
- stress–strain model
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Civil and Structural Engineering
- Building and Construction