Compressive behavior of fiber reinforced high-performance concrete subjected to elevated temperatures

Chi Sun Poon, Z. H. Shui, L. Lam

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

287 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In this paper, the effects of elevated temperatures on the compressive strength stress-strain relationship (stiffness) and energy absorption capacities (toughness) of concretes are presented. High-performance concretes (HPCs) were prepared in three series, with different cementitious material constitutions using plain ordinary Portland cement (PC), with and without metakaolin (MK) and silica fume (SF) separate replacements. Each series comprised a concrete mix, prepared without any fibers, and concrete mixes reinforced with either or both steel fibers and polypropylene (PP) fibers. The results showed that after exposure to 600 and 800 °C, the concrete mixes retained, respectively, 45% and 23% of their compressive strength, on average. The results also show that after the concrete was exposed to the elevated temperatures, the loss of stiffness was much quicker than the loss in compressive strength, but the loss of energy absorption capacity was relatively slower. A 20% replacement of the cement by MK resulted in a higher compressive strength but a lower specific toughness, as compared with the concrete prepared with 10% replacement of cement by SF. The MK concrete also showed quicker losses in the compressive strength, elastic modulus and energy absorption capacity after exposure to the elevated temperatures. Steel fibers approximately doubled the energy absorption capacity of the unheated concrete. They were effective in minimizing the degradation of compressive strength for the concrete after exposure to the elevated temperatures. The steel-fiber-reinforced concretes also showed the highest energy absorption capacity after the high-temperature exposure, although they suffered a quick loss of this capacity. In comparison, using PP fibers reduced the energy absorption capacity of the concrete after exposure to 800 °C, although it had a minor beneficial effect on the energy absorption capacity of the concrete before heating.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2215-2222
Number of pages8
JournalCement and Concrete Research
Volume34
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2004

Keywords

  • Compressive behavior
  • Elevated temperatures
  • High-performance concrete
  • PP fibers
  • Steel fibers

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Building and Construction
  • Materials Science(all)

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