Comprehensive study of polymer fiber surface modifications Part 1: High-fluence UV-excimer-laser-induced structures

Yiu Wan Yip, Kwong Chan, Kwan Moon Sin, Kai Shui Lau

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

17 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Recently, there has been great interest in physico-chemical surface treatments for modifying polymer surfaces. Utraviolet (UV)-excimer-laser irradiation of polymers is of particular interest. In this study, polyamide was irradiated by a 193 nm excimer with a fluence above its ablation threshold (high-fluence). Morphological changes of the resulting samples were characterized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and tapping mode atomic force microscopy (TM-AFM). Chemical modifications by laser treatment were studied by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), time-of-flight secondary ion mass spectrometry (ToF-SIMS) and chemical force microscopy (CFM). Topographical results indicated that 'ripple-like' structures of micrometer size were formed after laser irradiation. XPS and Tof-SIMS results showed that bond scission occurred on the polymer surface under the action of high-fluence. Changes in surface chemical properties of the laser-irradiated polyamide were supported by CFM experiments.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)627-633
Number of pages7
JournalPolymer International
Volume53
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2004

Keywords

  • Physico-chemical surface treatments
  • Polyamide
  • UV excimer laser

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Polymers and Plastics

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