Comprehensive Analysis of Acylcarnitine Species in db/db Mouse Using a Novel Method of High-Resolution Parallel Reaction Monitoring Reveals Widespread Metabolic Dysfunction Induced by Diabetes

Li Xiang, Juntong Wei, Xiao Yu Tian, Bei Wang, Wan Chan, Shangfu Li, Zhi Tang, Hongsong Zhang, Wai San Cheang, Qian Zhao, Hongzhi Zhao, Zhiyi Yang, Yanjun Hong, Yu Huang, Zongwei Cai

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

25 Citations (Scopus)


Acylcarnitines are exerting a variety of biological functions depending on the differences in lengths, saturation levels, and conjugation groups, which to a great extent contribute to the challenges of acylcarnitines quantifications due to various kinds of isomers. Here, we describe a novel method by using high-resolution parallel reaction monitoring (PRM) liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS). Both reversed-phase and normal-phase column were used in order to get accurate, reliable, widespread quantification of acylcarnitines, and without tedious sample preparation procedure. The method provided the most comprehensive acylcarnitine profile with high-resolution MS and MS/MS confirmation to date. A total of 117 acylcarnitines were detected from plasma and urine samples. The application of targeted profiling of acylcarnitines in db/m+ control and db/db diabetic mice indicated incomplete amino acid and fatty acid oxidation on diabetic mice. Interestingly, the reduction of medium odd-numbered chain acylcarnitines in urine samples was first observed between db/m+ and db/db mice. The high-resolution PRM method makes it possible to monitor the widespread metabolic changes of the acylcarnitines in response to stimuli. Besides, the accurate MS and MS/MS spectra data of the 117 acylcarnitines could be used as mass spectrometric resources for the identification of acylcarnitines.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)10368-10375
Number of pages8
JournalAnalytical Chemistry
Issue number19
Publication statusPublished - 3 Oct 2017
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Analytical Chemistry

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