Composition dependence of structural and optical properties of Ba(Zrx,Ti1-x)O3thin films grown on MgO substrates by pulsed laser deposition

J. Z. Xin, Chi Wah Leung, H. L W Chan

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

18 Citations (Scopus)


Ba(Zrx,Ti1-x)O3(BZT) films with Zr concentration ranging from 0 to 40% were grown on MgO single crystal substrates by pulsed laser deposition, and their optical properties in the visible range were systematically characterized. A linear increase in the out-of-plane lattice constant of BZT unit cell with increasing Zr content was detected by X-ray diffraction. The surface morphology was observed by atomic force microscopy and the grain size was shown to increase with Zr concentration. Prism coupling and UV-visible transmission spectroscopy techniques were used to analyze the optical properties of the films. Refractive index between 2.15 and 2.3 was observed at 633 and 1547 nm respectively, which decreased with rising Zr content. The BZT films also possessed large optical band gap energy up to 3.92 eV, which increased with rising Zr content. Quadratic electro-optic effect was observed with electro-optic coefficients between 0.11 and 0.81 × 10- 18m2/V2, which decreased with Zr concentration. Optical loss was estimated from scattering and absorption, and the absorption coefficient dropped with increasing Zr content at near band gap. The obtained results provide information for the design of BZT thin film-based optical devices.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)6313-6318
Number of pages6
JournalThin Solid Films
Issue number19
Publication statusPublished - 29 Jul 2011


  • Barium zirconate titanate
  • Composition
  • Optical properties
  • Thin films

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Surfaces and Interfaces
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Metals and Alloys
  • Materials Chemistry

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