Components, Models of Integration, and Outcomes Associated with Palliative/ end-of-Life Care Interventions in the Burn Unit: A Scoping Review

Jonathan Bayuo, Hammoda Abu-Odah, Adwoa Owusuaa Koduah

Research output: Journal article publicationReview articleAcademic researchpeer-review

Abstract

Objective: To scope the literature to ascertain the components of palliative care (PC) interventions for burn patients, models of integration, and outcomes. Methods: Arksey and O’Malley scoping review design with narrative synthesis was employed and reported following the PRISMA-ScR guidelines. Primary studies reporting PC interventions in the burn unit were considered for inclusion. CINAHL via EBSCO, PubMed, EMBASE via OVID, Web of Science, and gray literature sources were searched from inception to June 2021. Results: Fifteen studies emerging from high-income settings were retained. Data were organized around three concepts: components of palliative/ end of life care in the burn unit; models of integration; and outcomes. The components of interventions based on the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation Critical Care End-of Life Group domains include decision-making, communication, symptom management and comfort care, spiritual support, and emotional and practical support for families. Consultative and integrative models were noted to be the strategies for integrating PC in the burn unit. The outcomes were varied with only few studies reporting healthcare staff related outcomes. Conclusion: PC may have the potential of improving end-of-life care in the burn unit albeit the limited studies and lack of standardized outcomes makes it difficult to draw stronger conclusions regarding what is likely to work best in the burn unit.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Palliative Care
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2022

Keywords

  • burns
  • end of life care
  • futility
  • palliative care

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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