In this work, we innovatively equalize optical intensity-modulated and directly detected (IMDD) four-level pulse amplitude modulation (PAM-4) signals using a complex-valued decision feedback equalizer (CDFE). Through mapping adjacent symbols of PAM-4 signals onto the complex domain, the influence of strongest inter-symbol interference (ISI) can be alleviated during the decision process in a decision feedback equalizer (DFE), effectively combating burst-error propagation when signals are noisy. Moreover, signal-adaptive manipulations of DFE parameters in both the time and the amplitude domain are performed by using an ultra-stable timing recovery and level-adaptive decision. Performance evaluations are made on vertical cavity surface emitting laser (VCSEL) modulated and multimode fiber (MMF) transmitted 100-Gbit/s optical PAM-4 signals. Based on experimental results of the short-reach optical communication, the proposed DFE outperforms the traditional DFE with a 0.5-dB system power budget gain at the 7% overhead (OH) forward error correction (FEC) bit error rate (BER) threshold.
|Number of pages||4|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Sept 2022|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics