Completely positive tensors: Properties, easily checkable subclasses, and tractable relaxations

Ziyan Luo, Liqun Qi

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

18 Citations (Scopus)


The completely positive (CP) tensor verification and decomposition are essential in tensor analysis and computation due to the wide applications in statistics, computer vision, exploratory multiway data analysis, blind source separation, and polynomial optimization. However, it is generally NP-hard as we know from its matrix case. To facilitate the CP tensor verification and decomposition, more properties for the CP tensor are further studied, and a great variety of its easily checkable subclasses such as the positive Cauchy tensors, the symmetric Pascal tensors, the Lehmer tensors, the power mean tensors, and all of their nonnegative fractional Hadamard powers and Hadamard products are exploited in this paper. Particularly, a so-called CP-Vandermonde decomposition for positive Cauchy-Hankel tensors is established and a numerical algorithm is proposed to obtain such a special type of CP decomposition. The doubly nonnegative (DNN) matrix is generalized to higher-order tensors as well. Based on the DNN tensors, a series of tractable outer approximations are characterized to approximate the CP tensor cone, which serve as potential useful surrogates in the corresponding CP tensor cone programming arising from polynomial programming problems.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1675-1698
Number of pages24
JournalSIAM Journal on Matrix Analysis and Applications
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2016


  • Completely positive tensors
  • Completely positive Vandermonde decomposition
  • Doubly nonnegative tensors
  • Lehmer tensors
  • Positive Cauchy tensors
  • Sum-of-squares tensors

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Analysis

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