Complete Three-Dimensional Coseismic Deformation Field of the 2016 Central Tottori Earthquake by Integrating Left- and Right-Looking InSAR Observations With the Improved SM-VCE Method

Jihong Liu, Jun Hu (Corresponding Author), Wenbin Xu, Zhiwei Li, Jianjun Zhu, Xiaoli Ding, Lei Zhang

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)


The three-dimensional (3-D) deformation field associated with the 2016 Central Tottori earthquake is retrieved from advanced land observing satellite 2 interferometric synthetic aperture radar (InSAR) observations with four different viewing geometries, that is, ascending/descending tracks and left-/right-looking modes. The strain model and variance component estimation (SM, VCE, SM-VCE) method is exploited and improved to integrate the InSAR observations with different viewing geometries so that the 3-D deformation field is not affected by the inconsistent coverage of SAR footprints or the gross errors in InSAR observations. The obtained results are consistent with GNSS observations, indicating that the improved SM-VCE method, known as SM-RVCE in this paper, is capable of retrieving an accurate and spatially complete 3-D deformation field for this earthquake. In addition, the precision of the InSAR observations and the estimated 3-D deformation are quantitatively assessed by the SM-RVCE method. Finally, on the basis of the estimated 3-D coseismic deformation, the source parameters of this event are inverted, revealing an asperity with a maximum strike-parallel slip of ~1.1 m concentrated at depths between 2 and 10 km. The estimated seismic moment is 2.4 × 1018 Nm, which corresponds to a Mw 6.2 event.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)12099-12115
Number of pages17
JournalJournal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - 1 Nov 2019


  • 3-D deformation
  • Central Tottori earthquake
  • InSAR
  • left-looking
  • precision assessment

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geophysics
  • Geochemistry and Petrology
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Space and Planetary Science

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