Competing risk modeling and testing for X-chromosome genetic association

Meiling Hao, Xingqiu Zhao, Wei Xu

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


The complexity of X-chromosome inactivation arouses the X-linked genetic association being overlooked in most of the genetic studies, especially for genetic association analysis on time to event outcomes. To fill this gap, we propose novel methods to analyze the X-linked genetic association for competing risk failure time data based on a subdistribution hazard function. Specifically, we consider two mechanisms for a single genetic variant on X-chromosome: (1) all the subjects in a population undergo the same inactivation process; (2) the subjects randomly undergo different inactivation processes. According to the assumptions, one of the proposed methods can be used to infer the unknown biological process under scenario (1), while another method can be used to estimate the proportion of a certain biological process in the population under scenario (2). Both of the two methods can infer the direction of skewness for skewed X-chromosome inactivation and derive asymptotically unbiased estimates of the model parameters. The asymptotic distributions for the parameter estimates and constructed score tests with nuisance parameters only presented under the alternative hypothesis are illustrated under both assumptions. Finite sample performance of these novel methods is examined via extensive simulation studies. An application is illustrated with implementation on a cancer genetic study with competing risk outcomes.

Original languageEnglish
Article number107007
Pages (from-to)1-15
Number of pages15
JournalComputational Statistics and Data Analysis
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2020


  • Genetic association test
  • Subdistribution hazard function
  • X-chromosome association
  • X-chromosome inactivation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Statistics and Probability
  • Computational Mathematics
  • Computational Theory and Mathematics
  • Applied Mathematics


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