Comparison on the effect of using diesel fuel and waste cooking oil biodiesel as pilot fuels on the combustion, performance and emissions of a LPG-fumigated compression-ignition engine

Chun Guan, Chun Shun Cheung, Z. Ning, P. K. Wong, Zhen Huang

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

14 Citations (Scopus)


The LPG addition is expressed in terms of a LPG power substitution percentage (LPSP), ranging from 10 to 30% at each load. This investigation aimed at comparing the combustion, performance and emissions characteristics between the two types of dual-fuel operation, one using pilot diesel and the other using pilot WCOB, with emphasize on the particulate mass and number concentrations. The results show that the combustion characteristics, involving heat release rate, peak cylinder pressure, start of combustion, combustion duration and CA50 of the LPG-fumigated engine, are modestly influenced by the type of pilot fuel in use. The impacts of the LPSP on the brake specific fuel consumption and brake thermal efficiency are negative at low load and positive at high load, for both types of pilot fuel. Regarding the emissions, it can be concluded that both types of dual-fuel operation can lead to reduction in both NOxand PM emissions, with LPG-Diesel operation being more effect in reducing NOxemissions while LPG-WCOB operation more effective in reducing particulate emissions.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1260-1271
Number of pages12
JournalApplied Thermal Engineering
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2017


  • Dual-fuel operation
  • Fumigated LPG
  • Gaseous-particulate emissions
  • Pilot fuel

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

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