Comparison of tear proteomic and neuromediator profiles changes between small incision lenticule extraction (SMILE) and femtosecond laser-assisted in-situ keratomileusis (LASIK)

Yu Chi Liu, Gary Hin Fai Yam, Molly Tzu Yu Lin, Ericia Teo, Siew Kwan Koh, Lu Deng, Lei Zhou, Louis Tong, Jodhbir S. Mehta

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

23 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Introduction: The tear proteomics and neuromediators are associated with clinical dry eye parameters following refractive surgery. Purpose: To investigate and compare the tear proteomic and neuromediator profiles following small incision lenticule extraction (SMILE) versus laser-assisted in-situ keratomileusis (LASIK). Methods: In this randomized controlled trial with paired-eye design, 70 patients were randomized to receive SMILE in one eye and LASIK in the other eye. Tear samples were collected preoperatively, and 1 week, 1, 3, 6 and 12 months postoperatively, and were examined for protein concentration changes using sequential window acquisition of all theoretical fragment ion mass spectrometry (SWATH-MS). The data were analyzed with DAVID Bioinformatics Resources for enriched gene ontology terms and over-represented pathways. Tear neuromediators levels were correlated with clinical parameters. Results: Post-SMILE eyes had significantly better Oxford staining scores and tear break-up time (TBUT) than post-LASIK eyes at 1 and 3 months, respectively. Tear substance P and nerve growth factor levels were significantly higher in the LASIK group for 3 months and 1 year, respectively. SMILE and LASIK shared some similar biological responses postoperatively, but there was significant up-regulation in leukocyte migration and wound healing at 1 week, humoral immune response and apoptosis at 1 month, negative regulation of endopeptidase activity at 3 to 6 months, and extracellular structure organization at 1 year in the post-LASIK eyes. Tear mucin-like protein 1 and substance P levels were significantly correlated with TBUT (r = -0.47, r = -0.49, respectively). Conclusion: Significant differences in the tear neuromediators and proteomics were observed between SMILE and LASIK, even though clinical dry eye signs have subsided and became comparable between 2 procedures.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)67-81
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of Advanced Research
Volume29
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2021
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Dry eye
  • Laser-assisted in-situ keratomileusis
  • Neuromediators
  • Proteomics
  • Small incision lenticule extraction
  • Tear

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Comparison of tear proteomic and neuromediator profiles changes between small incision lenticule extraction (SMILE) and femtosecond laser-assisted in-situ keratomileusis (LASIK)'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this