Comparison of several flood forecasting models in Yangtze River

Kwok Wing Chau, C. L. Wu, Yok Sheung Li

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

296 Citations (Scopus)


In a flood-prone region, quick and accurate flood forecasting is imperative. It can extend the lead time for issuing disaster warnings and allow sufficient time for habitants in hazardous areas to take appropriate action, such as evacuation. In this paper, two hybrid models based on recent artificial intelligence technology, namely, the genetic algorithm-based artificial neural network (ANN-GA) and the adaptive-network-based fuzzy inference system (ANFIS), are employed for flood forecasting in a channel reach of the Yangtze River in China. An empirical linear regression model is used as the benchmark for comparison of their performances. Water levels at a downstream station, Han-Kou, are forecasted by using known water levels at the upstream station, Luo-Shan. When cautious treatment is made to avoid overfitting, both hybrid algorithms produce better accuracy in performance than the linear regression model. The ANFIS model is found to be optimal, but it entails a large number of parameters. The performance of the ANN-GA model is also good, yet it requires longer computation time and additional modeling parameters. Journal of Hydrologic Engineering
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)485-491
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Hydrologic Engineering
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 1 Nov 2005


  • Algorithms
  • China
  • Floods
  • Forecasting
  • Fuzzy sets
  • Models
  • Neural networks
  • Rivers

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Environmental Science
  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Water Science and Technology
  • Civil and Structural Engineering


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