Comparison of emissions of a direct injection diesel engine operating on biodiesel with emulsified and fumigated methanol

C. H. Cheng, Chun Shun Cheung, Tat Leung Chan, Shuncheng Lee, C. D. Yao, K. S. Tsang

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

230 Citations (Scopus)


Biodiesel is an alternative fuel for internal combustion engines. It can reduce carbon monoxide (CO), hydrocarbon (HC) and particulate matter (PM) emissions, compared with diesel fuel, but there is also an increase in nitrogen oxides (NOx) emission. This study is aimed to compare the effect of applying a biodiesel with either 10% blended methanol or 10% fumigation methanol. The biodiesel used in this study was converted from waste cooking oil. Experiments were performed on a 4-cylinder naturally aspirated direct injection diesel engine operating at a constant speed of 1800 rev/min with five different engine loads. The results indicate a reduction of CO2, NOx, and particulate mass emissions and a reduction in mean particle diameter, in both cases, compared with diesel fuel. It is of interest to compare the two modes of fueling with methanol in combination with biodiesel. For the blended mode, there is a slightly higher brake thermal efficiency at low engine load while the fumigation mode gives slightly higher brake thermal efficiency at medium and high engine loads. In the fumigation mode, an extra fuel injection control system is required, and there is also an increase in CO, HC and NO2(nitrogen dioxide) and particulate emissions in the engine exhaust, which are disadvantages compared with the blended mode.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1870-1879
Number of pages10
Issue number10-11
Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 2008


  • Biodiesel
  • Diesel engine
  • Exhaust emissions
  • Methanol
  • Particulate matter

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Fuel Technology
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Organic Chemistry

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