Comparison analysis and evaluation of urban competitiveness in Chinese urban clusters

Haixiang Guo, Xiao Liu, Yijing Li, Deyun Wang, Xiaohong Chen

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

13 Citations (Scopus)


With accelerating urbanization, urban competitiveness has become a worldwide academic focus. Previous studies always focused on economic factors but ignored social elements when measuring urban competitiveness. In this paper, a city was considered as a whole containing different units such as departments, individuals and economic activities, which interact with each other and affect its economic operation. Moreover, a city's development was compared to an object's movement, and the components were compared to different forces acting upon the object. With the analysis of the principle of object movement, this study has established a more scientific evaluation index system that involves 4 subsystems, 12 elements and 58 indexes. By using the TOPSIS method, the study has worked out the urban competitiveness of 141 cities from 28 Chinese urban clusters in 2009. According to the calculation results, these cities were divided into four levels: A, B, C, D. Furthermore, in order to analyze the competitiveness of cities and urban clusters, cities and urban clusters have been divided into four groups according to their distributive characteristics: the southeast, the northeast and Bohai Rim, the central region and the west. Suggestions and recommendations for each group are provided based on careful analysis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4425-4447
Number of pages23
JournalSustainability (Switzerland)
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2015
Externally publishedYes


  • Urban cluster
  • Urban competitiveness

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geography, Planning and Development
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Environmental Science (miscellaneous)
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law


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