Comparative study on pullout behaviour of pressure grouted soil nails from field and laboratory tests

Cheng Yu Hong, Jianhua Yin, Hua Fu Pei

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

16 Citations (Scopus)


Pullout resistance of a soil nail is a critical parameter in design and analysis for geotechnical engineers. Due to the complexity of field conditions, the pullout behaviour of cement grouted soil nail in field is not well investigated. In this work, a number of field pullout tests of pressure grouted soil nails were conducted to estimate the pullout resistance of soil nails. The effective bond lengths of field soil nails were accurately controlled by a new grouting packer system. Typical field test results and the related comparison with typical laboratory test results reveal that the apparent coefficient of friction (ACF) decreases with the increase of overburden soil pressure when grouting pressure is constant, but increases almost linearly with the increase of grouting pressure when overburden pressure (soil depth) is unchanged. Water contents of soil samples at soil nail surfaces show obvious reductions compared with the results of soil samples from drillholes. After soil nails were completely pulled out of the ground, surface conditions of the soil nails and surrounding soil were examined. It is found that the water content values of the soil at the soil/nail interfaces decrease substantially compared with those of soil samples extracted from drillholes. In addition, all soil nails expand significantly in the diametrical direction after being pulled out of ground, indicating that the pressurized cement grout compacts the soil and penetrates into soil voids, leading to a corresponding shift of failure surface into surrounding soil mass significantly.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2285-2292
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Central South University
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 2013


  • apparent coefficient of friction
  • grouting pressure
  • overburden soil pressure
  • soil nail

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Engineering
  • Metals and Alloys


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