Comparative study of Hermitian and non-Hermitian topological dielectric photonic crystals

Menglin L.N. Chen, Li Jun Jiang, Shuang Zhang, Ran Zhao, Zhihao Lan, Wei E.I. Sha

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

17 Citations (Scopus)


The effects of gain and loss on the band structures of a bulk topological dielectric photonic crystal (PC) with C6v symmetry and the PC-air-PC interface are studied based on first-principle calculation. To illustrate the importance of parity-time (PT) symmetry, three systems are considered, namely the PT-symmetric, PT-asymmetric, and lossy systems. We find that the system with gain and loss distributed in a PT symmetric manner exhibits a phase transition from a PT exact phase to a PT broken phase as the strength of the gain and loss increases, while for the PT-asymmetric and lossy systems, no such phase transition occurs. Furthermore, based on the Wilson loop calculation, the topology of the PT-symmetric system in the PT exact phase is demonstrated to keep unchanged as the Hermitian system. At last, different kinds of edge states in Hermitian systems under the influences of gain and loss are studied and we find that while the eigenfrequencies of nontrivial edge states become complex conjugate pairs, they keep real for the trivial defect states.

Original languageEnglish
Article number033501
JournalPhysical Review A
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Sept 2021
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics


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