Comparative numerical analysis of the slipstream caused by single and double unit trains

Zi Jian Guo, Tang Hong Liu, Zheng Wei Chen, Tai Zhong Xie, Zhen Hua Jiang

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

47 Citations (Scopus)


The use of double-unit trains is becoming a common means of increasing passenger capacity for a rail network. However, their expanded usage may create additional aerodynamic challenges. The present work obtains the characteristics of the slipstream caused by single and double unit trains using the detached eddy simulation (DES) method for 1/20th scaled models. The numerical results are verified by full-scale experiments. The slipstream velocities and pressures obtained by the two train models at different distances from the center of track (COT) and the top of rail (TOR) are compared. The coupling structure of the double-unit train model is found to produce a velocity peak that is much greater than that of the single-unit train model in the same position. At the area away from the COT and close to the TOR, the velocity of the far wake region is larger for the double-unit train model. The coupling structure also leads to a positive pressure change in the coupling region, and its value is comparable to or even much greater than that caused by the nose. It is considerable that the subsequent pressure criteria could take the positive pressure on the coupling region into account for the double-unit train.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)395-408
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Wind Engineering and Industrial Aerodynamics
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2018
Externally publishedYes


  • DES
  • Double unit train
  • Numerical simulation
  • Open air
  • Slipstream

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Mechanical Engineering


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