Comparative LCA on using waste materials in the cement industry: A Hong Kong case study

Md Uzzal Hossain, Chi Sun Poon, Irene M.C. Lo, Jack C.P. Cheng

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

158 Citations (Scopus)


� 2016 Elsevier B.V. Cement is traditionally regarded as an energy and emission intensive construction material. The reduction of environmental impacts in the cement industry has gained increasing concern worldwide for environmental sustainability. As a resource-scarce city, cement production in Hong Kong is associated with high CO2emissions, thus contributing significantly to the high environmental impacts in the construction industry. This study herein has been conducted to comprehensively assess the energy consumption and global warming potential impacts of different types of cement manufactured in Hong Kong using life cycle assessment (LCA) techniques. Two sustainable strategies for the reduction of energy consumption and greenhouse gases emission in the cement industry were then proposed. The LCA results showed that ordinary Portland cement production has high environmental impacts mainly due to the import of associated raw materials and burning of fossil fuel. The use of alternative material, such as fly ash would help to reduce the environmental impacts. Significant impacts reductions associated with cement production can be further achieved by strategies such as the use of glass powder from locally generated waste glass bottles as part of the raw materials, and the use of a bio-fuel produced from locally generated wood wastes as a co-fuel with coal. The assessment results indicated that about 12% of the total greenhouse gases emission and 15% of energy consumption can be reduced from the cement industry in Hong Kong by using waste materials to replace virgin materials (clinker/coal).
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)199-208
Number of pages10
JournalResources, Conservation and Recycling
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2017


  • Bio-fuel
  • Cement production
  • Energy consumption
  • Global warming potential
  • Life cycle assessment
  • Waste glass

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Waste Management and Disposal
  • Economics and Econometrics


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