Comparative eco-efficiency analysis on asphalt pavement rehabilitation alternatives: Hot in-place recycling and milling-and-filling

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27 Citations (Scopus)


With the ever-increasing road mileages worldwide, the focus of pavement construction has been shifted from new pavement construction to pavement maintenance and rehabilitation (M&R). The corresponding huge environmental burdens and capital consumptions posed big challenges in achieving the target of sustainable development. In this study, an eco-efficiency analysis (EEA) framework was developed and applied to compare two common asphalt pavement rehabilitation techniques: hot-in-place recycling (HIRP) and milling-and-filling (M&F), by integrating the life cycle assessment (LCA) and life cycle costing analysis (LCCA), which followed by a sensitivity analysis to investigate the eco-efficiency performances of the two alternatives under different life extension scenarios. The eco-efficiency portfolio positions of hot-in-place recycling and milling-and-filling provided by the eco-efficiency analysis clearly indicated that hot-in-place recycling was more eco-efficient than milling-and-filling under the same assumed service life (15 years) for the cases studied. Hot-in-place recycling could save 5% cost and reduce 16% overall environmental impacts than milling-and-filling, while milling-and-filling saved 7% energy consumption than hot-in-place recycling. When the life extension ratio of the two alternatives reaches 12/15 (HIPR/M&F), milling-and-filling starts to show its advantages in both environmental and economic aspects in the long-term perspective. These findings indicated that if the hot-in-place recycling technique could ensure its treatment effectiveness. Its wider adoption would be championed for more sustainable transportation infrastructure development. The method and results of this study were expected to serve as a reference for decision-makers to make well-informed project decisions on the optimum rehabilitation alternative from the view of eco-efficiency.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1385-1395
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Cleaner Production
Publication statusPublished - 10 Feb 2019


  • Eco-efficiency analysis
  • Hot-in-place recycling
  • Life extension
  • Milling-and-filling
  • Pavement rehabilitation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Environmental Science(all)
  • Strategy and Management
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

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