Comparative analysis of the effect of different nose lengths on train aerodynamic performance under crosswind

Zhengwei Chen, Tanghong Liu, Zhenhua Jiang, Zijian Guo, Jie Zhang

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

86 Citations (Scopus)


This study investigated the aerodynamic performances of four trains with different nose lengths (4, 7, 9 and 12 m) under strong crosswind using the detached eddy simulation (DES) method. The variations in the aerodynamic force coefficients with different nose lengths were analyzed. The pressure distribution on the train surface, vortex development around the train, and velocity field variation around the train with increases in the nose length were compared and discussed. The results indicated that in a strong wind environment, the aerodynamic drag coefficient was largest for the tail car, whereas the side force coefficient, lift coefficient and roll moment coefficient were largest for the head car. When the nose length of the train increased from 4 m to 12 m, the total drag coefficient of the train decreased by 19.0% and the side force, lift and roll moment coefficient decreased by 10.6%, 21.7% and 7.3%, respectively. In the horizontal section of the train head part and tail part, the largest pressure coefficient decreased in a logarithmic manner with increases in the nose length. The nose length significantly affects the pressure coefficient on the windward side of the head car and the leeward side of the tail car. With an increase in the nose length, on the leeward side of the train, the shedding length and influence width range of vortex were reduced; the strength of the spiral shedding and interaction effect of two vortices in the rear nose weakened, and their distinction was more notable, meanwhile, the wake impact ranges in the vertical and longitudinal directions decreased.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)69-85
Number of pages17
JournalJournal of Fluids and Structures
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2018
Externally publishedYes


  • Aerodynamic coefficient
  • Crosswind
  • Flow structure
  • Nose length
  • Pressure distribution

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanical Engineering


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