Committing to work at the expense of other life pursuits: The consequences of individuals' relative centrality of work across job types and nations differing in performance orientation

Qing Lu, Xu Huang, Michael Harris Bond, Erica Xu

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

Abstract

Relative centrality of work (RCW) is defined as the psychological importance given by individuals regarding work relative to the importance they attach to other major domains of living. Prior evidence has been inconclusive in terms of how RCW might influence the life satisfaction (LS) of individuals. Hence, in this study, we hypothesize that this relationship is regulated by an individual’s current job features (job complexity [JC]) and national culture concerning work (performance orientation [PO]) independently and jointly. On the basis of representative samples of 23,622 employees from 33 nations, we find that the RCW–LS relationship is negative when JC is low. By contrast, high JC eliminates but does not reverse this negative trend. This two-way interaction only exists when employees simultaneously live in a nation whose culture stresses performance improvements and achievement of rewards from work, that is, nations with high PO. Although an individual’s national–cultural context does not moderate the RCW–LS linkage, it functions by making work relative to other life domains (RCW) and job characteristics (high JC) highly important in deriving satisfaction from one’s life.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)848
Number of pages869
JournalJournal of Cross-Cultural Psychology
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 2019

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