Combustion, performance and emissions of a diesel engine with H 2, CH4 and H2-CH4 addition

J. H. Zhou, Chun Shun Cheung, Chun Wah Leung

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

109 Citations (Scopus)


Experiments were conducted to investigate the combustion and emission characteristics of a diesel engine with addition of hydrogen or methane for dual-fuel operation, and mixtures of hydrogen-methane for tri-fuel operation. The in-cylinder pressure and heat release rate change slightly at low to medium loads but increase dramatically at high load owing to the high combustion temperature and high quantity of pilot diesel fuel which contribute to better combustion of the gaseous fuels. The performance of the engine with tri-fuel operation at 30% load improves with the increase of hydrogen fraction in methane and is always higher than that with dual-fuel operations. Compared with ULSD-CH4operation, hydrogen addition in methane contributes to a reduction of CO/CO2/HC emissions without penalty on NOxemission. Dual-fuel and tri-fuel operations suppress particle emission to the similar extent. All the gaseous fuels reduce the geometry mean diameter and total number concentration of diesel particulate. Tri-fuel operation with 30% hydrogen addition in methane is observed to be the best fuel in reducing particulate and NOxemissions at 70 and 90% loads.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4611-4621
Number of pages11
JournalInternational Journal of Hydrogen Energy
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - 18 Mar 2014


  • Diesel engine
  • Dual-fuel combustion
  • Emissions
  • Engine performance
  • Tri-fuel combustion

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Fuel Technology
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology


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