Combustion characteristic and heating performance of stoichiometric biogas-hydrogen-air flame

H. S. Zhen, Chun Wah Leung, Chun Shun Cheung, Z. H. Huang

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

28 Citations (Scopus)


An experimental study has been conducted to investigate stoichiometric biogas-hydrogen mixed fuel flames and the combustion characteristic and heating performance of three biogases enriched with hydrogen were examined. Both similar flame behavior and new finding are reported with reference to the literature. The dependence of flame stability on the fraction of hydrogen and the CO2concentration was analyzed in the aspects of fuel property alteration and flow aerodynamics variation. The experiments showed a favorable effect of hydrogen and detrimental effect of CO2on flame stability. Examination of flame cone height showed that under constant Re and Pdbl, the cone height is longer at either higher hydrogen fraction or higher COsubesub concentration. In addition, at higher fraction of hydrogen in the mixed fuel, flame flammability strengthens, flame temperature enhances and CO emission reduces. Further, polyhedral reaction cone was detected for stoichiometric flames under high hydrogen concentration conditions. Great care was paid to the heat transfer behavior of stoichiometric biogas-hydrogen flames. First, when the cone tip touches the copper plate, the stagnation point heat flux is not the maximum peak when compared to heat flux peaks at other nozzle-to-plate distance. Comparison between two flames of identical cone height indicated that higher flame temperature is a dominant factor influencing heat transfer. Further, longer flame height tends favor heat transfer only at large nozzle-to-plate distances.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)807-814
Number of pages8
JournalInternational Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2016


  • Biogas-H fuel 2
  • CO emission
  • Flame stability
  • Impingement heating

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Fluid Flow and Transfer Processes


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